1952 CJ Coiler, the First TJ You think the TJ was the first Jeep utility coiler? Think aga
We thought you might like to see some Jeep “fantasy football” players that are forever riding the bench of history. Most never got called to play, or play much. Sometimes that was for an obvious reason, sometimes it’s less clear. Some got to show their stuff in “practice camp” but never got to play for real, despite being ahead of the technology curve in some way. Here are some of those lost or rare Jeeps. Let’s just call it a case of the good, the bad, or the ugly. You decide which is which.
1958 Creep—the Name Says It All
Yeah, the Jeep Creep! If the name alone doesn’t dredge up a chuckle, the sight of it will. Several versions were built for tests, including this Post Office rig and an aircraft tug. They were powered by the venerable 134ci flathead four, rear-mounted above the axle, and featured automatic transmission. This was a time when Jeep was experimenting with a lot of interesting hardware, including air-cooled engines, both gas and diesel.
1963 XM-200, X-port Only
This was Kaiser Jeep’s shot at setting up low-cost factories in various industrially undeveloped countries. Take a basic J-series truck chassis built in Toledo and send it CKD (completely knocked down) to some part of the world where truck factories are few and far between. The bodies would be manufactured locally in a very basic factory and the trucks completed using as much local/regional content as possible. The flat panels allowed for easy-to-make parts that needed minimal tooling and low worker skill. This prototype was made and blueprints created for each part. A similar plan was made for CJs.
1960 Turbo F-Head—More Air!
A series of undated photos were found in a factory file that shows Willys Motors experimented with a turbocharged version of its F-head four. The pictures appear to be of a CJ test mule, and details point to a ’60-’66 model. Given that IHC began offering a turbo Scout four in 1965, we can see Jeep’s possible motivation. Power output is unknown, but you can guesstimate (and a “desktop dyno” concurs) that it was somewhere in the range of 90 hp.
1941-44 Super Jeeps
A shortage of 3⁄4-ton trucks led Willys to develop a 6x6 3⁄4-ton based on the military jeep called the MT. The first prototype was built using MA components and mounted a 37mm antitank gun. A small number of prototypes were built in various configurations, including this cargo rig with a fifth-wheel trailer. The MTs used about 65 percent of the existing jeep hardware. Interestingly, the old standard 5.38:1 axle ratio debuted for this product, as did the Model 18 transfer case with a 2.43:1 low range. Eventually called Super Jeeps, these were successful developments with most of the bugs worked out, but there was no defined need for a production version. A few of these super-rare Super Jeeps have survived.
1944 MLW-2 Jungle Jeep
In 1943, a request came in from military units in the Pacific Theater for a compact, highly mobile, half-ton truck for use in the tight quarters of the jungle. Naturally, Willys-Overland was tapped on the shoulder about a modified version of the jeep. Two prototypes were built and tested well into 1945, but by then the need for such a vehicle had diminished and the project was dropped. The MLW (Military Long Wheelbase, the Willys designation), otherwise known as the T24 project, was largely successful in achieving its goals. The MLW trucks were built on a beefed-up jeep chassis stretched to a 92-inch wheelbase from the standard 80. It retained the stock 134ci jeep Go-Devil engine and three-speed Warner T84J trans, but the transfer case was the special low-ratio unit with a 2.43:1 low range developed for the 6x6 jeeps, which was also used later in the civvy jeeps. Axles were wider than stock, with 5.38:1 cogs, and mounted 7.50-20 or 7.50-16 tires. A bulkhead separated the passenger and cargo compartments, the front fenders were raised for tire clearance, and a capstan winch was mounted. Cargo volume was about double the standard Jeep, but weight capacity was only 200 pounds more. Curb weight increased by only about 250 pounds. With much improved clearance and traction, you could call this the Jeep Rubicon of the 1940's.
1950 CJ-4 Missing Link
With the introduction of the more powerful F-head four in 1950, Willys-Overland was scrambling to get that engine fitted into every Jeep. First on the priority list was the military upgrade that became the model MD, M-38A1. Along the way they produced several transitional military vehicles, but also found time to build a civvy version dubbed the CJ-4. Visually, it was almost identical to the military transitional rigs, called the M-38E1 or CJ-4M. You can see it’s a missing link vehicle between the low-hood flatfender and the production roundfender CJ-5. Mechanically, it was a flatfender with the F-head added. The body was unique. Only one CJ-4 civvy rig was built in the ’90s, and this is it, shown here after emerging from many years in a barn. It was sold to Willys Chief Chassis Engineer Mike Ordorica in the 1950s, who used it as a work vehicle at his rural home. Upon his passing, it was sold in the estate auction and stored away. A noted collector has restored it, and you’ll see it again someday.